Presentations, Posters and Workshops



You are invited to present a poster or give a presentation during the IGSM posters and presentations sessions.
If you are interested in presenting a poster, on the topic of your choice, you are asked to send us an abstract of about 100 words, no later than 21st April. Posters should be A1 sized, either portrait or landscape, and we kindly ask to print your posters before you arrive.
Participants wishing to give a 15-20 minutes presentations are asked to send us abstracts of about 100 words, no later than 21st April.




Green innovation for sustainable community development

Aly Ahmed Essameldin

Politecnico di Milano


It is the time to move towered green solutions in most of the current world’s problem. The author chooses Egypt as a case study in order to study its chronic problems which need an innovative sustainable solution. Since it becomes obvious that the typical or short run solutions or copying a successful model from other countries without considering the culture of the Egyptian community all of that just made the problems bigger and bigger. The author proposes a way to solve these kinds of problems called green innovation for sustainable development.

Considering the green innovation as regulations, polices or management decisions which respects the environmental and social dimensions of the problem and not only the technical dimension. Moreover the presence of term sustainability is to ensure that development will remain its effect on the long run, this explains the idea behind the title of research paper Green Innovation for Sustainable Community Development. Furthermore the author chooses Egypt as case study. Following by a deep exploration that considers the challenging problems that need innovative sustainable solutions and the education level of sustainability in Egypt. The author propose is to provide some recommendations and will set some frameworks in order to educate the welling people to solve the chronic problems by using the green innovation for sustainable community development.

This research paper is a part of many researches which are related to a TEPMUS project, the project aims to develop a new master degree about the green innovation at the Egyptian universities.


Progerssive technology for restoration of Krakow monuments

Brachucy Agnieszka, Chmielnicki Krzysztof

AGH University of Science and Technology


Krakow is widely known as the capital of Polish culture. Preserved during the second world war, the city has retained its unique character thanks to the huge number of monuments testifying to the rich history of the City of Kings, and which are now of inestimable value to the national heritage. It is therefore important to protect and preserve them in good condition for future generations. Surveying is one of the branches of science to facilitate this task, and with the development of technology it allows for more and better imaging of potential threats.

In the last decade there has been a rapid development of innovative measurement techniques. In the market there are various forms of hardware and software solutions. A large number of manufacturers make devices, which affects the profitability of these measurements to deal with various engineering problems. 


Geographic information systems in translation

Czesak Barbara

University of Agriculture in Kraków


It often happens that translation is the only source of information on GIS for non-English-speaking professionals. Therefore, the quality of translation is essential for the spread of GIS knowledge. Technical translation, especially on GIS, is rarely a subject of scientific scrutiny. This presentation features an error analysis of English-Polish translation of a GIS textbook.  



IGSM 2012 Organizing Committee

Universidad de Jaén


Last year, the IGSM was held in Jaén, Spain. This video shows some nice images about the conferences, poster session, city tour, excursion to Granada, Geodetic Olympics, night events, carried out during the week of 22nd to 28th April 2012.

An overview of the best moments that the participants of our meeting can remember and it will be shown to the new participants of this year.


A Novel cylinder modelling approach for above ground biomass estimation and tree change detection with Terrestrial Laser Scanning

Krooks Anssi1, Kaasalainen Sanna1, Raumonen Pasi2, Kaasalainen Mikko2, Puttonen Eetu1, Liski Jari3

1 Department of remote sensing and photogrammetry, Finnish Geodetic Institute, Geodeetinrinne2, P.O. Box 15, 02431 Masala, Finland.
2 Dept. of Mathematics, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 553, FI-33101 Tampere, Finland
3 Finnish Environment Institute, Mechelininkatu 34a, P.O. Box 140, FI-00251 Helsinki, Finland


Optimization of wood supply chain and monitoring climate change and human impact on environment creates ever growing need for accurate 3D information of biosphere. Carbon footprint of forests requires information of the size distribution of above ground biomass when logging waste is used as bioenergy. Terrestrial and aerial laser scanning (TLS and ALS) are promising methods to produce dense 3D data from forests and single trees but automation of the data processing is challenge.

In our research a novel tree cylinder modelling algorithm developed at Tampere University of Technology is tested with TLS scans of 43 pines growing in the same test plot. Branch size distribution is calculated and divided in classes according to tree height. Hypothesis is that tree height and other ALS derivable tree metrics could be used to make large scale estimations of forest canopy structure when growing conditions are similar. Same modelling method is also applied in change detection and growth modelling of single trees up to branch level.


Popularization of Geodesy in R. Macedonia

Lozanoska Aleksandra, Lukanoska Aleksandra, Jovanoski Slobodan
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University


Geodetic work in Macedonia started in 1878, initiating the development and popularization of geodetic activities.
The reasons that led to the popularization of geodetic activities are:

  •  Intensive survey and preparation of surveying plans;
  •  Complete Geodesy studies in Skopje starting from the school year 2000/2001;
  •  The transformation of the Agency for Real Estate Cadastre, a state institution for geodetic activities, which provide the private Survey companies with jurisdiction on operational activities;
  •  Adoption of new law legalization which increase the extent of work and the demand for highly educated surveying staff.


Recovering the original, sharp image by developing efficient and reliable algorithms for image deblurring

Sieberth Till1, Wackrow Rene1, Chandler Jim1

1 Loughborough University, School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK


Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has become an interesting and active research topic for photogrammetry. Current research is based on images acquired by an UAV, which have a high ground resolution and good spectral and radiometrical resolution, due to the low flight altitudes combined with a high resolution camera.

One of the main problems preventing full automation of data processing is the degradation effect of blur caused by the movement of the UAV during image acquisition. This blur disturbs the visual analysis and interpretation of the data and causes errors in automatic processing algorithms. The detection and removal of these images is currently achieved manually, which is both time consuming and prone to error, particularly for large image-sets. To increase the quality of data processing an automated process is necessary, which must be both reliable and quick.

This paper describes the development of an automatic filtering process, which is based upon the quantification of blur in an image. A series of laboratory tests are presented which generate images with a well-defined blur created using a shaking table, which displaces a fixed camera mounted on top. The table can be shaken with a defined frequency and amplitude and the active camera displacement can be measured accurately using this highly controlled setup. Exposure can be synchronized with movement of the shaking table and hence images with a known blur can be acquired. These images are then processed digitally to determine a quantifiable measure of image blur which has been created by the actual blurring function. It is this measure of blur which can be used to automatically identify blurred images in large datasets and the efficiency of this approach will be analysed.


Crowdsourcing and Volunteered Geographical Information (VGI)

Siła-Nowicka Katarzyna

University of St Andrews, Centre for GeoInformatics


With the propagation of the Internet as the primary medium for data publishing and information exchange, we have seen an explosion in the amount of online content available on the Web. Thus, in addition to professional material being offered free on the Internet, the “crowd” has also been allowed, indeed encouraged, making its content available online to everyone. The capacities of such User-Generated Content (UGC) are already shocking and constantly growing. My goal is to take advantage of this data explosion, which applied to the spatial domain, translates to massively collecting and sharing knowledge to ultimately digitize the world. User-generated geospatial content is also commonly known as Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI).


Automated building extraction from raw ALS point cloud data

Tomljenović Ivan

University of Salzburg, Doctoral College GIScience, Schillerstrasse 30, 5020 Salzburg


Nowadays, a plethora of approaches exist, which offer different ways to extract tangible data from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) measurements. These measurements come in form of point clouds, spatial sets of vertices. They represent real life positions described with X, Y and Z triplets inside respective reference system. The aim of this presentation is to provide an insight into the current state of research and development, which aims towards automated delineation of buildings from the ALS point clouds. The final result should be represented as a one-click solution integrated as a transferable rule-set. The whole approach is built within Cognition Networking Language as a part of ‘’eCognition’’, software solution for Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA). 



Use of modern measurement techniques in monitoring large hydrotechnical objects

Biłka Pelagia, Pluta Magda,

University of Agriculture in Krakow , Department of Agricultural Land Surveying, Cadaster and Photogrammetry


Rapidly growing terrestrial laser scanning technology is increasingly used in the measurement of strategic engineering objects. The subject of research is the analysis of the application of terrestrial laser scanning for monitoring hydrotechnical edifice on the example of dam Solina - Myczkowce . Aim of the study is the analysis of the geometry of an object created on the basis of cross-sections. Many authors take the discussion of the large number of observations is able to compensate for the lower, in relation to traditional methods, the precision of the measurement. Thanks to a dense of point cloud put in the work goal can be achieved by giving clear results. This paper presents the possibilities of creation hydro facility documentation, and obtained accuracy of any problems encountered during the development of data.


Regional Geodetic Students Meeting -- RGSM --

Biočić Marina, Mikolić Alenka, Vučić Lucija

University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy


It all began with IGSM meeting in Zurich and has reached its peak during IGSM meeting in Zagreb. A group of students from Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia decided to join together in an effort to organize local Geodetic Student Meeting, latter known as Regional Geodetic Student Meeting or shortly RGSM. Purpose of such meeting was to induce cooperation between universities and students on a regional level.

What started as an idea, in 2010, became a reality. First Regional Geodetic Students Meeting was held in Belgrade (RGSM 2010). Total of around 40 participants from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia gathered together in Belgrade for a period of 4 days in order to exchange ideas, thoughts and generally just hang out. The concept came to life and proved its worth.

Next stop? Ljubljana (2011), as it was agreed during the meeting in Belgrade. Zagreb (2012) was next on the list. During the meeting in Ljubljana, even more students from surrounding areas decided to join in and participate. Meeting welcomed participants from Banja Luka and as of last year, Sarajevo and Novi Sad joined the group. Next meeting (RGSM 2013) is set for Novi Sad.


Association of students “GEOIDA”

Fryszkowska Emilia

Warsaw University of Technology


GEOIDA is a group of friends who have a passion for geodesy and intention to do more than just studying. Our main goal is to promote discipline in the city, country and even on an international scale. Association is working at the Warsaw University of Technology for 18 years. We organize regular conferences and seminars (e.g. GISday, Day of remote sensing, Earth Day). We realize a lot of scientific projects from different fields. But GEOIDA is also great fun! Every year, we celebrate the birthday of our Association and in the spring we play on a special picnic – GEOpicnic. The poster presents our activity over few last years.


Preparation of selected spatial geodatabases for the Warsaw’s zoo

Fryszkowska Emilia, Galarek Marlena

Warsaw University of Technology


The main idea of this project is to introduce a conception of the Spatial Information System for the Warsaw’s Zoo and some examples of its implementation. The main element of this project was to create a suitable relational spatial database of the buildings, located in the area of the zoo, as well as creating a database concerning the animals.

The inspiration to deal with this topic were the interactive maps of the zoological gardens in the world. The zoos in Barcelona (Spain), Bronx (New York) and Taronga Zoo in Sydney (Australia) were chosen as the examples. Another important factor was the fact, that Warsaw Zoo does not have any Geographic Information System, which can play an important role in management and promotion of the zoo garden.

Spatial database as well as the map of the zoo area, have come into existence after processing of the source materials: information and features of the zoo animals and basic raster map, received from Didactic and Technical Sections of the Warsaw Zoo as well as public sources mainly the Warsaw Web map service. After the implementation of the database conception, went on to applying of the received project to some spatial analysis, including net analysis. They present some possibilities how the database can be used- both for the administrative user and a tourist. First of all, they can be a source of information useful in the decision process such as: setting the shortest visiting routes. Secondly, they can make a visit in the zoo more attractive, for example the range of the refreshments objects services. This project was made by means of the ArcGIS software, introduced by ESRI leading company.


The use of geodesy in the military services

Gruszczyński Maciej, Kaczmarek Izabela, Rajewska Marta, Brzezińska Katarzyna, Cekała Adam, Kubik Bartłomiej

Military University of Technology in Warsaw, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Geodesy and Cartography



The studies on geodesy have been and are still one of the most important products supporting processes of commanding and conducting the combat operations. Marshal Jozef Pilsudski appreciated the importance of maps and he said that: “The map in the hands of an officer is more effective weapon than his sword or even his revolver.” By the years the map has been changing, there was a smooth transition from the conventional topographic maps on paper to the geospatial information distributed in digital form.

Officially the Military University of Technology was founded since 1951 and from the beginning it has been playing the role in the education of technical staff for the Polish Army. The cooperation between the Institute of Geodesy and Cartography and the institutions connected with the national defenses, also the access to information and a thorough diagnosis the needs of the military services result in lots of scientific works in field of geodesy. Scientific activity is directly related to the use of the measurement systems and the other products of geodesy on the battlefield, as well as in the realization of the tasks of crisis management and the participation in the prevention of natural disasters.

Poster shows the application of geodesy in the Polish Army and other military services, which are based on selected scientific works which are currently being developed or were completed in the few last years at the Institute of Geodesy at the Military University of Technology.


3D modeling of the palace complex in Piastów

Kędzior Natalia, Kamińska Anna

Warsaw University of Technology


The aim of this project was 3D modeling of the palace complex in Piastów using photos and also visualization of textured model.

“White Palace” is devastated nowadays, so the only documentation are archival data. It was used scanned analog photos and also vector maps of building elevation. All these materials were provided as digital files by authorities of Piastów. Vector maps were prepared in ArcMap and AutoCAD first, then 3D model in Google SketchUp was created. Models of outbuildings was based on photos which were taken by non-metric camera. They were calibrated in PhotoModeler Camera Calibrator 4.0. For modeling were used PhotoModeler Pro 4.0 and SketchUp 7. Geolocation made ?in SketchUp 8 allowed to presentation of the results of work in Google Earth. Visualizations presenting the current state of the buildings and the project of their appearance after a potential restoration were created.

3D model of “White Palace” and its surrounding may be a virtual monument of lost cultural heritage. It should be encourage for reconstruction valuable architectural objects.


Non-invasive detection of burial crypts using the method of microgravimetry, on the example of the church in Iława

Marjasiewicz Marcin, Osowiec Katarzyna, Stępnik Mateusz, Szymański Jakub, Terka Piotr, Zygmunt Michał, Bogucki Michał, Dudek Ewelina, Dudzińska Alicja

Warsaw University of Technology


The main goal of the realized project was to confirm the correctness of theoretical assumptions of the microgravimetry method by trying to detect burial crypts, which location was known, as well as find another, previously unknown crypts or tunnels.

The method of microgravimetry is to study changes in characteristics (such as acceleration, vertical gradient) of gravitational field of the Earth, in order to search for, identify and study geological and anthropogenic formations of small sizes, located shallow under the surface. Within the framework of the conducted in the project gravimetric research there were made measurements inside the church and partly in the churchyard. Inherent part of the research were also situation and height measurements, which allowed to specify the value of so-called urban correction of gravity acceleration, i.e. the impact of mass attraction, located in the nearest vicinity of the object (particularly walls of the church), on the measured gravity acceleration.

As a result of the elaboration of measurements there was obtained an illustration of Bouguer gravity anomalies for the entire floor of the church. The conducted analyses allowed to detect relative clear, negative gravimetric anomaly, located in the chancel of the church, which can be interpreted as an effect of lack of mass coming from burial crypts of currently known position. That affirms the main assumption of the work. Unfortunately, based on the so far collected materials, the existence of previously undiscovered voids in the form of crypts or tunnels can’t be confirmed with reasonable confidence.


Modeling in Cyclone of based on data from Terrestrial Laser Scanning

Noszczyk Tomasz, Mikołajczyk Łukasz, Cudzich Anna

University of Agriculture in Kraków, Geodesy Scientific Club


Laser scanning is modern and one of the most advanced methods used to gather information about different engineering structures. The intensive development and availability of this technology cause a growing interest in 3D modeling that uses the data obtained from scanning. The software features encourage to produce 3D models that have numerous merits.

The report illustrates 3D modeling framework used in Cyclone software produced by Leica – Geosystems. This program gives enormous possibilities connected with modeling. It enables to combine planes, spheres, cylinders, angles, steel materials and create triangulated irregular networks (TINs) .

In the report steel materials such as: an electric pole, a dam or plants were applied to show how the Cyclone devices are used in modeling.


Underground utility survey and application in geodesy 

Popovic Dejan, Simsic Marko, Orihan Maja

University of Novi Sad


We are going to present one very interesting theme, Underground utility survey and application in geodesy, as one subject that we have on our faculty. This was interesting on begining of our study department because geodesy in Novi Sad founded 2007th year and since then, detection of underground infrastructure was able for students on 4th year with our Georadar. Our poster describes principle of operations of georadar, applications, about software (Radan) and communication with GPS which is mostly used in geodesy.



Raquel Medina Ramos and Remedios María Sánchez Quirós

Universidad de Jaén


Last year, the IGSM was held in Jaén, Spain. This poster contains information about the activities carried out during the week of 22nd to 28th April 2012. It shows some nice pictures about the conferences, poster session, city tour, excursion to Granada, Geodetic Olympics, night events…

An overview of the best moments that the participants of our meeting can remember and it will be shown to the new participants of this year.



Raquel Medina Ramos and Remedios María Sánchez Quirós

Universidad de Jaén


The group picture with participants of the IGSM 2012 in front of the Cathedral of Jaén.
And some small pictures of groups made up during the week.


Three-dimensional map visualization using Digital Elevation Model data

Szuszkiewicz Maciej
Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty Of Environmental Engineering And Geodesy


Combination of modern (Digital Elevation Models) and historical cartographic sources can result in very interesting products.
The main goal of this project is to prepare tools allowing to drape scanned raster images of historical maps over some existing digital elevation models.
This is done by with the help of the author’s program written in VB.Net, with use of some external open source libraries like Proj.4 or GDAL. This program allows user to convert DEM data into a 3D model .obj file, transform raster images between coordinate systems and UV map them onto the model.
The 3D model created this way is later imported into open source 3D graphics software – Blender, to create 3D visualizations.